The game of spades was created in the early 1900s by a person named Albert Morehead. Mr. Morehead devised the idea of naming the card suits and numbers with letters, A through K. He also came up with the name “spade” to represent what we call today a “club.” Some people believe that this game originated from France where they call it “Jeu de Coeur et Pique” which translates to “Game of Hearts and Spades.”
The game of Spades was originally played in the United States as a variation on Euchre
It is not clear as to the date this game was first played. It is, however, known that Spades was originally played in America as a variation on Euchre. This game differed from other card games as it was not about setting one’s hand and vying for tricks as much as it was about combining the cards and taking all possible points or “books.”
Originally, this game was played without the 2♠-4♠ cards. This is known because of a surviving Euchre deck that only features the A through K cards. Spades has not always been called “Spades.” This game was originally called “Black Lady” or “Black Queen” but these names were too easily confused with other games, so it was eventually changed to “Spades.”
How to play
There are four players that form two teams. Partners sit across the table from each other, with play proceeding counterclockwise around the table. Spades is a game that requires four players in two partnerships, though it can be played with only three. Spades are the highest suit, so if someone asks for your “highest” card you would give them the Ace of Spades. If another player had more than one of any given card, you would choose your best card of that rank to play. For example, if you had both the King and Queen of Diamonds you would play your King because it’s a better card than a Queen.
Spades are the highest suit, so if someone asks for your “highest” card you would give them the Ace of Spades. If another player had more than one of any given card, you would choose your best card of that rank to play. For example, if you had both the King and Queen of Diamonds you would play your King because it’s a better card than a Queen.
Spades is a trick-taking game in which players vie to fulfill book, or contract, requirements by taking tricks containing valuable cards. The number of tricks that must be taken depends on the bid. In each deal there are many potential bids and contracts to choose from, which makes for a great deal of variety.
The first card is turned up by the dealer giving information about possible trump cards. The players then bid on how many tricks they think they can take. It’s important to remember that all the other players are also bidding, so you might have to beat more than one player if their team gets the bid.
In Spades, trumps are decided by a “card-off.” The highest card played of the suit led wins and becomes one of the players’ cards and determines what suit will be considered trump for that hand. If hearts were led, and a spade is then played, spades beat all other suits to become the new trump suit.
The player to the dealer’s left will lead first, and they can lead any suit except for Spades (if these are led, the highest card of the suit is determined by a “card-off” as previously mentioned). Players may play whichever cards they like on each trick, but most choose to follow the suit led. Spades cannot be played unless a player doesn’t have any cards of the leading suit, and if playing Spades the highest card wins the trick for that round.
The objective is to take at least as many tricks as you bid, and if you do then your team scores the appropriate number of points (the combined total of the cards in the tricks you’ve won). If you don’t take enough tricks, then your team loses that many points.
If only three people are playing then teams are decided at random. If there are four players then partners can be chosen by dealing out all of the cards clockwise to each player once, and whoever gets the last card becomes partners with whoever gets the first card.
Variations of spades
There are many different variations of spades including Cutthroat, Chicago, Polish, Oklahoma, Boston, Kansas City and even Rook’s Revenge!
In rubber bridge, spades is a contract in which a team bids to take all 13 tricks. After receiving a bid of “3,” a player must win three consecutive tricks to complete his or her part of the contract and score 3 points for their team. If they fail, they make no score and can even “go set” (lose points) if the other side wins all three tricks.
In pairs spades, each player bids to take at least two tricks. The number you bid becomes your contract; if you make it then your partner scores their part, but if you fail then your partner goes set. If you take all five tricks you score 10 points.
In cutthroat, spades is a game for four players in which the goal is to avoid taking any tricks. Each hand begins with each player bidding how many tricks they think they can win (the minimum bid is “one”). Then all the cards are dealt out—in this case 13 to each player. No one may look at their cards until the bidding is over, and then everyone plays their hand simultaneously. The person who bids “one” must take all 13 tricks, which is much harder than it sounds!
In Spades Sandbox, spades are known as clubs. Each player has three clubs in front of them and must pass all clubs to the player on their left at the beginning of each round. As with normal spades, players are trying to get as many tricks as possible. The first round is played without bidding where everyone has a contract of “one” trick, then subsequent games have players bid how many tricks they think they can get.
In Boston, the spades suit is removed from play and a seven card hand is dealt to each player. The object of the game is for a team to win all 13 tricks. Players bid how many tricks they think they can take and the higher bidder leads first, although he/she must lead with a trump card if possible. In this version of spades, the partner may not take any tricks unless they have been declared trump. The player that brought trump into play leads on their turn and therefore cannot make another challenge for trump; therefore it’s particularly important to lead with good cards in this version of the game!
Cutthroat Spades (also known as Loser or Losing Bridge) is a variant for 4 players in which the goal is to lose every trick. It is played with two 52-card decks plus four Jokers, for a total of 108 cards.
The game has four suits, with an Ace high and King low ranking card
#1 — Clubs
#2 — Diamonds
#3 — Hearts
#4 — Spades
Non-trump suits rank A, K, Q, J 10 9 8 7 in each suit. Suits are ranked by the order spades (high), hearts, diamonds, clubs (low). The cards are played face down and revealed to the other players one by one in rotation (i.e., the player to the dealer’s left plays first, and so on). The highest card in each suit wins unless a spade is played, when the highest spade wins. Aces are high; Jokers and 2s are wild. If two identical cards are played, the first of them is considered to have been played first. A player who plays a card of the wrong suit must pay a penalty of one point or three cards, at his choice.
The objective is to take more tricks than your opponents do. The first dealer is chosen randomly and the deal moves clockwise around the table after each hand. When someone receives a trump card, everyone has to play that suit if they have any cards of it. The person with the highest card takes the trick.
If you don’t feel like playing but want to take part in determining trump, you can pass instead of playing a card. Each player starts with thirteen cards and passes three times per round so everyone will always have at least three cards to play.
If you pass and the dealer calls your suit, you must play a card of that suit on the next trick. If more than one person passes with the same suit, the player who passed last wins all ties in order starting with the player closest to dealer’s left so everyone has an equal chance to win ties.
If no one is willing to play a card of the same suit as the dealer’s leading card, then that player automatically wins and leads by playing any other card. After all players have either passed or played a card, each trick will be won by the highest trump and everyone still in the game must follow suit if they can.
It is often called “The Game Without A Name” because it doesn’t have a specific name like other popular games such as Poker or Blackjack
In some cases players can be penalized for not following suit or playing out their hand correctly – these penalties include being forced to give up your entire hand or paying a penalty point fee to the player who caught you off guard!
Playing Spades is a great way to spend time with your friends, family or colleagues. If you’re looking for an easy-going game that’s hidden in the corner of every pub and doesn’t require much preparation, this could be just what you need! You can play it on any flat surface or flooring – all you’ll need are some cards and people who want to have fun! It seems like everyone has their own take on how they enjoy playing spades so there should definitely be one out there that suits your needs perfectly. The only downside may be trying not to get too competitive when playing because if someone keeps winning over and over again, chances are they might start feeling bitter about it after a while… but that’s just the nature of spades after all.
So what are you waiting for? Grab your friends, find a spare pack of cards and enjoy yourselves while you’re at it! The only thing left to do is choose which form of Spades you’ll play – there’s no right or wrong so everyone wins in the end. Enjoy!